Science

Camera Trap: An invaluable way to access rare animals

Britain ‘s Prince ‘s William and his wife, Princess Kate Middleton will visit Tuesday mrglh Hills of Islamabad, where they installed a “camera trap” with school children in order to monitor the jaguar race.

But what is this ‘camera trap’ and how does it benefit wildlife? Environmental journalist Khan Shahram Yousafzai has the experience of mounting a camera trap to track the breeding of icy mammals found in Pakistan’s high mountain ranges. This article is based on their experiences.

In front of my eyes he was a glamorous snowflake. In her presence, I was left feeling like her red eyes were rubbing my body.

His ears were flattened and his lips narrowed. This warm, resilient body, like a rock, is hugging and preparing its body to make a big jump.

occur around 4700 when the snow leopard in the world

It was such a rare and charming scene that for a moment I forgot that I was not there myself, but I had a picture taken with a camera trap.

Wildlife photographers usually rely on pre-installed ‘camera trap’ footage for a glimpse of this rare animal.

We also spent a week in the rugged mountains of Gilgit-Baltistan in search of a similar bird.

What is a Camera Trap?

Camera Trap is a camera that is stored in a black plastic box to protect it from water. The box contains a number of motion sensors, memory cards, long-lasting batteries, and insulation to protect against cold weather.

Research enthusiast IUCN Pakistan manager Saeed Abbas and other scientists use a camera trap to research such dangerous animals.

On my recent trip, I along with Saeed Abbas and his team set up a high-level ‘camera trap’ to capture excellent footage between dark purple rocks, ahead of the Hopper Glacier in the Nagar area of ​​Gilgit Baltasgan.

The wind was very fast here, and in such places the icy thongs live under the prey of mountain goats and marchers. Usually they hide in secret and squeeze their prey with their powerful jaws.

A photo of a marker taken with a camera trap mounted in the Hopper Valley, Pakistan, in the icy area

Reduced number of snowflakes

No one knows for sure how many snowflakes this area is home to. About 4,400 oysters are found worldwide, but their number in Pakistan is less than 400.

Many herds are killed every year by herds of flocks for the safety and protection of the flock.

Experts from the Department of Wildlife, NGOs, rangers and numerous national and international organizations are counting for the first time the exact number of snow leopards.

It is hoped that accurate information regarding their numbers will be available, which will allow for the protection of wildlife as it is done in other areas for the protection of wildlife.

How is camera trap support possible?
Saeed Abbas said the detection of the thieves has helped a lot with the help of camera trap.

‘We can not only track them down with their footprints but also identify them through these pictures. We can identify a single mattress and identify their distribution areas as well. ‘

Before the camera trap, scientists had a way to estimate the number of snowflakes that were based on measuring the claws of animals that had the potential to make a mistake.

But through ‘Camera Trap’ they can be identified individually by the color and the markings on the body, which are found differently on the skin of each bird.

‘Camera Trap’ is no less a blessing for organizations working in these areas. Said Abbas said that in so far as the ‘camera trap’ has been installed, there are always different species of wildlife besides the wildlife.

‘Sometimes cameras are triggered to detect predators’ movements, which take many pictures. Such predators often chase them for oysters and other animal prey, which takes them to protected areas. In such areas, all movement is achieved through a ‘camera trap’. But predators ‘activity is often known after several months, when the cameras are taken down and photos taken.’

“At first, I took these pictures as a movement of the locals, but then I saw their activities as suspicious. There were some hunters in the pictures with the locals who hired the locals for money. ‘

Saeed added that he conveyed all the details to law enforcement agencies and locals, making it possible to identify the culprit and acknowledged that a group of hunters paid him in advance to guide them to the mountains. Was.

The Trophy Hunting Agreement and its breach

It is important for readers to know that with all the communities in the Northern Territory there is a contract under the ‘Trophy Hunting Program’ that will allow locals to earn revenue from licensed hunting of marchers and mountain goats in the region.

But hunting was a clear violation of the agreement. Under this agreement, locals cannot hunt for snow leopards and other animals or provide any kind of assistance to illegal poachers coming from outside.

If the community maintains its promise, they are awarded an annual reward for protecting the area from poaching. However, if a community member is found to be involved in illicit hunting, his community loses his or her money.

Saeed Abbas explained that “there is no instance when a community has had to lose its prize but there is always fear.”

Camera Trap is a ‘Weapon’

Such illegal hunting incidents have attracted the attention of Saeed and other researchers to detect victims through a ‘camera trap’.

The only means these researchers have for combatting predators is the camera.

‘Every year we install’ Camera Trap ‘in areas with snow leopards to catch potential predators. I always pray that we don’t see any predators. But if a hunter appears, then at least we have solid evidence against him. ‘

Essential for the Margalla Hills
Unlike the distant mountains of the north, the point of the Himalayan range is not inferior to the flora and fauna of the Margalla Hills.

This area is home to wild animals and rare birds. Spread over 125 km, the park’s breathtaking natural beauty is home to not only the forehead of the federal capital but also the rare wildlife in the region.

Like the experts working in Gilgit-Baltistan, the camera trap has been started in Margalla National Park to monitor and monitor the movement of swine.

In the National Park, predators often hunt for wildlife and are endangered due to insecurity.

A tribute to anonymous heroes who installed a camera trap
The use of camera traps for wildlife conservation, surveillance and surveying is proving to be extremely effective and with the latest technology, the potential for further technological improvement is bright.

Through the ‘camera trap’, the clearest images we get are of the rare creatures that live in the most remote places and mountains of the world.

These are the areas where winter temperatures drop to minus 20C. Experts have to travel very hard distances to reach the caves of icy birds and cross large mountain ranges to capture a single image.

Installing a ‘camera trap’ is in itself a daunting task and the labor of experts and researchers doing it is rarely appreciated.

It is possible that a ‘camera trap’ has also been planned to bring the British royal couple to Pakistan for this purpose.

It will also be a tribute to the anonymous heroes who endanger their lives all year long and protect the environment and the rare animals they inhabit.

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